Latest News and Research

The latest articles from the semesterly print edition.

The Impact of Maternal Services on the Prevention of Mother-to-Child HIV Transmission (PMTCT): A Literature Review

Cynthia Mouafo Piaplié M.A Candidate, International Affairs The Norman Paterson School of International Affairs, Carleton University, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada This paper provides a review of the available literature regarding prevention of mother-to-child HIV transmission (PMTCT) in sub-Saharan Africa. To narrow the focus of this broad subject, the review concentrates on antenatal care (ANC) and its

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Are Cash Transfer Programs Effective in Improving Maternal and Child Health in Sub-Saharan Africa? A Systematic Review of Randomized Controlled Trials

Christiana Chinyere Ekezie, Kathleen Lamont, Sohinee Bhattacharya Objective: Conduct a systematic review to assess the impact of poverty elimination on maternal and child health through cash transfer programs in sub-Saharan Africa. Methods: We searched Medline, Embase, Cochrane library, CINAHL, PsychInfo, Pubmed, Scopus and African Journals for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) assessing cash transfer interventions for

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Enhancing Cancer Control in Kenya Through Knowledge Translation: A Perspective Review

Joshua Munywoki1 and Helen Dimaras1,2,3,4,5,6 1Department of Human Pathology, University of Nairobi, Nairobi, Kenya 2Department of Ophthalmology & Vision Sciences, The Hospital for Sick Children, Toronto Canada 3Division of Clinical Public Health, Dalla Lana School of Public Health and the 4Department of Ophthalmology & Vision Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada 5Child

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Jiving and driving: Taxi drivers, HIV and edutainment in rural KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa

Astrid Jane Treffry-Goatley Postdoctoral student, Centre for Visual Methodologies for Social Change (CVMSC), School of Education, University of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa Africa Health Research Institute, South Africa Abstract South Africa has one of the largest HIV epidemics in the world, with close to seven million people living with HIV.1 HIV has had a major impact

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Depression, substance abuse and antiretroviral non-adherence among adults with HIV in care at the Clínica de Familia in La Romana, Dominican Republic

Maya Koenig-Dzialowski1, Milton Wainberg2, Mina Halpern3, Andrea Norcini Pala2, Rosanna Matic3, Wendy Galvez-Castro3 1Columbia College of Physicians & Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, NY, Class of 2016. 2New York State Psychiatric Institute, Columbia University, New York, NY. 3Clinica de Familia La Romana, La Romana, Dominican Republic. Correspondence for this article should be directed to Maya

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Potential Role for Institutional Review Boards in Curbing Medical Voluntourism in Global Health at American Academic Centers

Timothy S. Laux, MD1 1University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA – Global Health Fellow at the HEAL Initiative Across disciplines, consensus exists that medical voluntourism (as practiced by US-based health care professionals and professionals-in-training) is of questionable benefit to overseas health care practitioners and systems. This concern stands in sharp distinction to

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 Adverse Events after Voluntary Medical Male Circumcision in Swaziland

Alison M. Bales, BA1, Robert C. Siska, BS1, David J. Dennis, BS1, Michael A. Schneider BS1,Echo VanderWal, PA2, Harry VanderWal, MD2,Ronald J. Markert PhD1, Mary C. McCarthy MD FACS1 1Boonshoft School of Medicine, Wright State University 3640 Colonel Glenn Hwy. Dayton, OH 45434 [email protected], [email protected], [email protected], [email protected], [email protected], [email protected] 2The Luke Commission, Miracle Campus, Box

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Spectrum of Comorbid Conditions and Their Relationship to CD4 T-lymphocyte Counts in HIV-Infected Patients in Mbour, Senegal

Lindsay C. Bacik, B.S.1, Dr. Futou Seck2, Dr. Rhonda BeLue1 1 The Pennsylvania State University, The Pennsylvania State University College of Medicine, Global Health Scholars Program 2The Hospital of Mbour Correspondence: Lindsay Bacik 16 University Manor East, Hershey PA 17033 Tel: (412) 580-8692 Email: [email protected] Sources of support: The Global Health Scholars Program at the Pennsylvania

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Prevalence and Risk Factors of Fatty Liver in Dehui City of Jilin Province of Northeastern China

Huan-Yu Zhou1, Qi Wei1, Jie Sun2, Xing-Xing Liu2, Xiao-Dong Shi3, Shu-Mei He2, Chun-Yan Wang2, Ling Qin1#, Jun-Qi Niu3# 1 Department of Cardiology, The First Hospital of Jilin University, No.71 of Xinmin Street, Changchun, 130021, China. 2 Department of Geriatrics, The First Hospital of Jilin University, No.71 of Xinmin Street, Changchun, 130021, China. 3 Department of

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