Latest News and Research

The latest articles from the semesterly print edition.

Potential Role for Institutional Review Boards in Curbing Medical Voluntourism in Global Health at American Academic Centers

Timothy S. Laux, MD1 1University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA – Global Health Fellow at the HEAL Initiative Across disciplines, consensus exists that medical voluntourism (as practiced by US-based health care professionals and professionals-in-training) is of questionable benefit to overseas health care practitioners and systems. This concern stands in sharp distinction to

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Spectrum of Comorbid Conditions and Their Relationship to CD4 T-lymphocyte Counts in HIV-Infected Patients in Mbour, Senegal

Lindsay C. Bacik, B.S.1, Dr. Futou Seck2, Dr. Rhonda BeLue1 1 The Pennsylvania State University, The Pennsylvania State University College of Medicine, Global Health Scholars Program 2The Hospital of Mbour Correspondence: Lindsay Bacik 16 University Manor East, Hershey PA 17033 Tel: (412) 580-8692 Email: [email protected] Sources of support: The Global Health Scholars Program at the Pennsylvania

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Prevalence and Risk Factors of Fatty Liver in Dehui City of Jilin Province of Northeastern China

Huan-Yu Zhou1, Qi Wei1, Jie Sun2, Xing-Xing Liu2, Xiao-Dong Shi3, Shu-Mei He2, Chun-Yan Wang2, Ling Qin1#, Jun-Qi Niu3# 1 Department of Cardiology, The First Hospital of Jilin University, No.71 of Xinmin Street, Changchun, 130021, China. 2 Department of Geriatrics, The First Hospital of Jilin University, No.71 of Xinmin Street, Changchun, 130021, China. 3 Department of

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How Smartphone Technology Is Changing Healthcare In Developing Countries

Jonathan Mayes1, Andrew White1 1 Newcastle University Correspondence to: Jonathan Mayes, Faculty of Medical Sciences, The Medical School, Newcastle University, Framlington Place, Newcastle upon Tyne, NE2 4HH, United Kingdom. Tel: 0191 208 7005 Email: [email protected] It is widely recognized that technology can improve the health of populations in countries around the world. Smartphone technology is

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Depression, substance abuse and antiretroviral non-adherence among adults with HIV in care at the Clínica de Familia in La Romana, Dominican Republic

Maya Koenig-Dzialowski1, Milton Wainberg2, Mina Halpern3, Andrea Norcini Pala2, Rosanna Matic3, Wendy Galvez-Castro3 1Columbia College of Physicians & Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, NY, Class of 2016. 2New York State Psychiatric Institute, Columbia University, New York, NY. 3Clinica de Familia La Romana, La Romana, Dominican Republic. Correspondence for this article should be directed to Maya

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Availability of Resources, Knowledge, Applicability and Preferred Teaching Methods regarding Electrocardiography in a Resource-Limited Clinic in Rural Thailand

Cassidy M. Dahn MD1, Patricia Mitchell RN1, Gabrielle A. Jacquet MD MPH1,2,3 1Boston Medical Center 2Boston University School of Medicine 3Center for Global Health and Development, Boston University School of Public Health Introduction: Electrocardiography (ECG) is a rapid, non-invasive and inexpensive test requiring minimal training to perform. ECG is used ubiquitously in the developed world to assess

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A Doctoral Student Complementarity Approach (DSCA) for Global Health Research

Shaun R. Cleaver1, Nadia Fazal1 1University of Toronto A large and growing number of doctoral students are involved with global health research. Here we outline the Doctoral Student Complementary Approach (DSCA), a strategy to connect doctoral students from high-income countries (HICs) with counterparts from low-income countries (LMICs) in order to incur benefits for both students

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Structural and functional analysis of emergency departments in Amman, Jordan: Implications for future development

Seif L. Nasir1 1University of Nebraska at Omaha, Omaha, Nebraska This study investigates the current state of emergency healthcare delivery in Amman, Jordan. The first of its kind, the study uses a cross-sectional questionnaire, distributed to 40 hospitals in Amman, in order to assess the accessibility of equipment and medication, as well as the structure

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Mental Health in Haiti: Beyond Disaster Relief

Olivia Tiberi School of Medicine, Imperial College London Haiti, one of the poorest countries in the world, was devastated by an earthquake in 2010. The disaster uncovered the realities of a non-existent mental health care system with only ten psychiatrists nationwide. Attempts were made to assess the increased prevalence of mental illness, likely due to the trauma

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A Survey of Dietary Habits in Children Younger than Four in Informal settlements in Nairobi, Kenya

Brittany Noel Stuart, MD1, Gregory E. Gilbert EdD, MSPH 1,2, Andrea Parks1, Rhonda McIntyre- Francis, MBBS1 1Ross University School of Medicine 2DeVry Medical International’s Institute for Research & Clinical Strategy Currently 195 million children under five years of age are affected by malnutrition globally; 90% of these children live in South Asia and sub-Saharan Africa. Additionally, malnutrition

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